A Chicago-area man who wanted to buy a dog for his daughter nearly fell victim to a West African-based scheme targeting thousands of hopeful pet owners via online ads.
A report released Tuesday by the Better Business Bureau warns that so-called puppy scams are so widespread that anyone searching for a pet online is likely to encounter the fake ads. The report estimates that tens of thousands of customers in the U.S. and around the world could have been scammed already, with prospective pet owners losing as little as $100 to several thousand dollars each.
The near victim from west suburban Planfield told the BBB he almost sent $650 via money order for a puppy his daughter spotted online. But he found pictures of the same dog posted on Pinterest in 2008, which alerted him to the scam.
“This is a great example of what I like to call a tip-off to the rip-off,” said Steve Bernas, president of BBB of Chicago and Northern Illinois, in a press release. “Scammers often ask for payment to be wired or sent via gift cards and will prey on consumers’ emotions, which often leads to impulse purchases. This consumer was wise to do his research first and avoided being scammed, but many other consumers are not as fortunate.”
According to the BBB’s report, most of the scams appear to originate in Cameroon and use workers in the U.S. to pick up wire payments sent through Western Union or MoneyGram. The scammers require that correspondence take place by email, text or phone, and any request to meet the seller or see the animal before transferring money is denied.
The report estimates that 80 percent of sponsored advertising links that appear in internet searches for pets could be fraudulent.
The BBB provides the following tips for those looking to purchase a pet:
- Search for pictures of pets in online advertisements to identify fraudulent offers.
- Avoid wiring money or using prepaid cards or gift cards to pay for transporting animals. Instead, pay by credit card in case you need to challenge the purchase later.
- Attempt to pick up pets in person. Pet scams depend on buyers trusting that the animals will be delivered to them.
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