‘We Teach, We Don’t Preach’: Public School Teachers Find Space for Religion in the Classroom
About 80 public school teachers piled onto a pair of buses Tuesday afternoon in suburban Chicago heading to a Sikh Gurdwara – meaning “door to the Guru” or a place of worship – in the village of Palatine.
Once there, the group immersed itself into the religious culture. They donned traditional headcoverings, partook in “langar” – a vegetarian communal meal of rice, beans, curry and bread eaten while sitting on the floor in a sign of equality – toured the Gurdwara building and took in hymns and passages from the Sikh holy book, the Guru Granth Sahib.
The site visit was one of several planned this week for Chicago-area public school teachers participating in a pair of weeklong religious literacy workshops led by two of their suburban colleagues.
“What our interest is here is really expanding religious literacy,” said Seth Brady, a Naperville Central High School teacher in charge of one of the courses. “I have come to think of that as a civic cause. I think with the division that has existed for a long time – there’s sort of these flashpoints, 9/11 would be one – one of the key skill sets that might be missing is the civility to dialogue and bridge.”
Brady and John Camardella, a teacher at Prospect High School, have each spent the past dozen-plus years teaching world religion electives in their respective public schools.
That’s not teaching religion itself, of course – that's outlawed within public schools by the U.S. Constitution – but rather an examination of various religions and their roles in the world and its history.
“The wording is important,” Camardella said. “For example, if you say you ‘teach religion’ in a public school, that’s dangerous, it’s not descriptive enough. The key to this is we teach about religion in public schools.”
The National Council for the Social Studies for the first time added a supplement to its College, Career and Civic Life Framework last month, adopting guidelines for the academic study of religion in K-12 public schools written in collaboration with Brady and Camardella.
That framework stresses an analytic approach, allowing students to gain an awareness of world religions without forcing acceptance or practice of any particular faith.
In addition to Camardella and Brady, the writing team that outlined that rubric included educators from the Harvard Divinity School, the Newseum Institute and Rice and Georgetown universities.
The two men applied for and received a $15,000 grant last summer that’s being used this week on a pair of religious literacy courses they’re offering to their teaching colleagues.
The syllabus includes lectures from religious scholars and site visits to houses of worship such including the Sri Venkateswara Swami Temple in Aurora, the Baps Shri Swaminarayan Mandir in Bartlett, and on Tuesday, the Sikh Gurdwara in Palatine.
One of the reasons Jenny Hodonicky, a reading specialist at Ellsworth Elementary, signed up for the course was to “build that empathy for others and just that understanding to help them also foster empathy for others.
“We see around the world, hate crimes are on the rise,” she added, “and this is just a way to help kids empathize with each other and feel more connected (rather) than to feel separate and fearful of each other.”
Julie Groves, a third-grade teacher at Ranch View Elementary in Naperville, described the experience as twofold – seeing a split between her own desire for knowledge and the need to better connect with an increasingly diverse student population.
“The school I’m at we have a booming (English language learner) population because kids are moving from other countries,” she said Tuesday while sharing the langar meal with dozens of colleagues and Gurdwara volunteers. “The more that we know about other cultures and other people, then you feel like you have more in common than you are noticing differences.”
That’s the goal, according to Brady.
He isn’t expecting every teacher taking part in the workshop to start up their own religious studies course in their schools. Instead, he hopes the new guidelines and personal experiences allow educators to find spots within their existing curriculum to expand religious literacy.
“I think especially for teachers, they have such a capacity to influence the youth, whether we know it or not we have a huge impact on the group of students we’re teaching,” Brady said. “Providing this type of experience is invaluable in so many ways – not the least of which is it roots your experience of a religious minority to an experience you’ve had yourself.”
At Prospect – a school of about 2,200 students located just over 20 miles from downtown Chicago in the village of Mount Prospect – Camardella teaches his religious studies course to about 140 students per semester spread across five daily class periods.
Interest has ballooned to the point where the school must maintain an ongoing waitlist for students who want to enroll in the elective. Camardella has even launched a weekly Thursday night course for parents to answer questions and dive deeper into the same concepts their children are learning in the classroom.
“We cannot endorse, so the way we always say it is: we teach, we don’t preach. We educate, we don’t endorse,” he said. “It’s a way for me to just increase the religious literacy of my community, to make it a more equitable place for everybody to live and work and go to school.”
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