Report: Life Expectancy Gap Widening Between Black, Non-Black Chicagoans


The life expectancy gap between Black and non-Black Chicagoans has widened, according to a recent report from the Health Equity Index Committee at the Chicago Department of Public Health.

Between 2012 and 2017, the gap grew from 8.3 years to 9.2 years, according to the report, which found that Black Chicagoans on average live 71.4 years, while non-Black Chicagoans live an average of 80.6 years.

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“We would think that the gap has potentially even widened after the effects of COVID-19,” said Blair Aikens, an epidemiologist at the Chicago Department of Public Health and member of CDPH’s Health Equity Index Committee.

Aikens noted that Black Chicagoans have been disproportionately affected by COVID-19 compared to non-Black residents, both in the number of infections and deaths.

“That’s for a variety of reasons, some of that being the chronic diseases that Blacks tend to have more of compared to other race and ethnicity groups,” Aikens said.

The report identified five factors driving the life expectancy gap: chronic diseases; homicide; infant mortality; HIV, flu and other infections; and opioid overdose.

READ: How Cook County is Addressing the Opioid Epidemic After Spike in Overdoses

“One of the largest affects is chronic diseases and there are so many things that play into potentially why diseases are higher among Black Chicagoans as compared to the rest of Chicagoans,” Aiken said. “That could be access to healthy fruits and vegetables, safe communities, resources, access to doctors, all those things really play a wide range into why we are seeing all of these disparities across the board.”

The report includes a call to action to address health inequities and begin closing the life expectancy gap. This includes acknowledging systemic racism and demanding more funding to Black communities, Aiken said.

The committee — composed of five Black women — began working on the report in 2018.

“At the health department we wanted to amplify our voices as Black women,” said Yaa Simpson, an epidemiologist at the Chicago Department of Public Health and member of CDPH Health Equity Index Committee.

“We felt that some of the leadership wasn’t reflective of what we wanted to see, so by coming together and making this group, the Health Equity Index Committee, we wanted to deal with the voices and the unique perspective of the Black plight, specifically in health care,” Simpson said.  

Simpson said this is the first report in the health department’s history to compare the state of health between Black and non-Black Chicagoans. This was also the first time the health department had a research team of all Black women, she said.

Last week, Mayor Lori Lightfoot declared racism a public health crisis.

READ: Lightfoot Declares Racism a Public Health Crisis

The health department is working on initiatives to address health inequities, Simpson said. In September, it launched the Healthy Chicago 2025, a five-year plan to improve racial and health equity, aiming to reduce the life expectancy gap between Black and white Chicagoans.

CDPH is also allocating $9.6 million in COVID-19 relief funding to organizations in six different regions. They’ll lead coronavirus vaccination efforts and develop plans to address health inequities in those communities.

“And we have us,” Simpson said. “This team was created to address those inequities among Blacks.”

Read the full report: Chicago.gov/BlackHealth.


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