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Chicago Mayor Lori Lightfoot says relying primarily on law enforcement to fight crime, without other support for communities, doesn't work. (Leonel Mendez / CNN)

Through mid-June, the city has recorded more than a 30% increase in murders compared to 2019, and a nearly 60% jump over the same period when it came to shootings, according to data released by the Chicago Police Department.

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(WTTW News)

As gangs were targeted by police and federal authorities using anti-racketeering laws from the 1970s onward, many gang leaders were incarcerated in federal prisons. That left behind a more fractured and anarchic gang culture, say gang experts.