Police Superintendent Eddie Johnson has a message for community members and African-American lawmakers: help.
With at least 13 homicides over the Labor Day break–and another 65 wounded–Chicago has surpassed its homicide total from all of last year. The superintendent says the Chicago Police Department is doing its best but can't reverse the spike in homicides on its own.
Johnson held court with the press Tuesday and took a different tack, calling out community leaders and African-American lawmakers to help the CPD. Specifically, the department has a low murder clearance rate and he says community members need to get involved to help CPD solve crimes.
“What will affect the clearance rate is, citizens affected by violence stepping up and giving us information,” Johnson said. “It’s rare that police detectives witness a homicide taking place, so we need community leaders to do the right thing.”
“When I go home at night and I see my neighbors,” Johnson continued, “They’re asking me, ‘How come African-Americans won’t step up to the plate and be parents to their children.’ So, all of this fundamentally starts in the home.”
He also repeated his plea to state lawmakers to pass stricter sentencing laws for repeat gun offenders. Similar efforts to do this have been derailed in the past with heavy opposition from African-American lawmakers in the House who had opposed stricter prison sentences because they wanted to reverse the trend of mass incarceration. Last week, Johnson told us he hopes those lawmakers change their minds
“If African-Americans are shooting and killing, they should go to jail for it,” Johnson said. “If any black leader thinks its OK to see these African-Americans being shot and killed, then they shouldn’t be a leader.”
There is an effort led by state Sen. Kwame Raoul and state Rep. Mike Zalewski to target repeat gun offenders. Their aim is to increase those sentences and make sure a majority of the sentence is served.
Tuesday, Johnson highlighted the fact that many of the victims of gun violence over the weekend were ex-offenders who had served relatively light sentences, in some cases for previous gun charges.
But not everyone agrees that tougher prison sentences equal a lower homicide rate.
“Time and again, it’s been shown that longer sentences and mandatory minimum sentences don’t reduce violent crime, they don’t deter people that are going to commit violent crimes,” said Jennifer Vollen-Katz of the prison reform group the John Howard Association. “It is politically expedient to fall back on sentencing as a cure for violence. That’s been happening for many years, and it’s one of the feeders of our current state of mass incarceration.”
Tuesday also marked the official last day of CPD veteran and brief interim Superintendent John Escalante. He was whisked off in a 1950s Chevrolet Bel Air and feted with bagpipes and a helicopter salute – a tremendous sendoff as he leaves to take over police at Northeastern Illinois University. This, after he was passed up by Johnson for the full-time superintendent position.
“I’m leaving confident that this department is heading in the right direction with Superintendent Eddie Johnson, who is a close friend and will remain so,” Escalante said.
Escalante is one of several high-ranking members of the CPD to retire or leave in recent months. At the same time, the mayor said last week that CPD would hire hundreds of new cops.
But some aldermen we spoke with Tuesday say they believe that the new hires will barely keep up with attrition – or filling the slots of the cops who are retiring.
Follow Paris Schutz on Twitter: @paschutz
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